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Laboratory for Satellite Altimetry / Sea Level Rise

The following tables provide estimates of sea level rise based on measurements from satellite radar altimeters. Plots and time series are available for TOPEX/Poseidon (T/P), Jason-1, and Jason-2, which have monitored the same ground track since 1992, and for most of the altimeters that have operated since 1991, including T/P, Jason-1, Jason-2, ERS-2, GFO, and Envisat.

Only altimetry measurements between 66°S and 66°N have been processed. An inverted barometer has been applied to the time series. The estimates of sea level rise do not include glacial isostatic adjustment effects on the geoid, which are modeled to be +0.2 to +0.5 mm/year when globally averaged.

Global sea level time series

Global mean sea level from TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason-1, and Jason-2

Plot of sea level rise measured by altimetry.


Regional sea level time series data and plots
RegionTOPEX, Jason-1, and Jason-2Multiple altimeters
Seasonal signals retainedSeasonal signals removedSeasonal signals retainedSeasonal signals removed
global mean sea level Text (CSV) (22 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (93 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (96 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (22 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (92 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (84 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (47 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (119 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (47 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (98 kB)this document opens in a new window

Regional sea level time series

`Map of ocean basins.
Regional sea level time series data and plots
RegionTOPEX, Jason-1, and Jason-2Multiple altimeters
Seasonal signals retainedSeasonal signals removedSeasonal signals retainedSeasonal signals removed
Pacific Ocean Text (CSV) (22 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (93 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (95 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (22 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (93 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (90 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (47 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (117 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (47 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (115 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (109 kB)this document opens in a new window
North Pacific Ocean Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (95 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (111 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (93 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (96 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (48 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (117 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (155 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (47 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (121 kB)this document opens in a new window
Tropics Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (93 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (93 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (93 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (87 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (47 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (112 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (47 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (101 kB)this document opens in a new window
Niño 3.4 Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (94 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (101 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (93 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (97 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (48 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (128 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (48 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (117 kB)this document opens in a new window
Atlantic Ocean Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (93 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (105 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (93 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (96 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (47 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (136 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (47 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
North Atlantic Ocean Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (94 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (111 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (93 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (97 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (48 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (117 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (158 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (47 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (115 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (124 kB)this document opens in a new window
Indian Ocean Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (94 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (102 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (94 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (96 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (48 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (124 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (48 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (117 kB)this document opens in a new window
Adriatic Sea Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (95 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (103 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (94 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (101 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (47 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (117 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (142 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (48 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (132 kB)this document opens in a new window
Andaman Sea Text (CSV) (21 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (96 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (103 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (95 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (96 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (43 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (118 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (136 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (47 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (117 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (123 kB)this document opens in a new window
Arabian Sea Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (95 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (108 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (94 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (99 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (49 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (117 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (151 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (48 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (117 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (133 kB)this document opens in a new window
Baltic Sea Text (CSV) (19 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (98 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (101 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (19 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (98 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (99 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (37 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (120 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (137 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (39 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (119 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (133 kB)this document opens in a new window
Bay of Bengal Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (94 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (104 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (94 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (100 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (48 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (117 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (130 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (48 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (128 kB)this document opens in a new window
Bering Sea Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (94 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (101 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (94 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (95 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (49 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (132 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (48 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (118 kB)this document opens in a new window
Caribbean Sea Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (95 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (108 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (94 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (95 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (48 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (117 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (148 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (48 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (121 kB)this document opens in a new window
Gulf of Mexico Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (95 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (107 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (94 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (101 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (48 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (117 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (150 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (48 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (130 kB)this document opens in a new window
Indonesian Text (CSV) (22 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (96 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (102 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (95 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (92 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (47 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (118 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (137 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (48 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (117 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (114 kB)this document opens in a new window
North Sea Text (CSV) (22 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (95 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (105 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (22 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (94 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (99 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (46 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (117 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (147 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (47 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (133 kB)this document opens in a new window
Mediterranean Sea Text (CSV) (22 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (95 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (108 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (94 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (103 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (47 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (118 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (151 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (48 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (133 kB)this document opens in a new window
Persian Gulf Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (95 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (105 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (94 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (110 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (46 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (117 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (145 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (47 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (147 kB)this document opens in a new window
Sea of Okhotsk Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (93 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (106 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (93 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (102 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (48 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (115 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (142 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (48 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (115 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (137 kB)this document opens in a new window
Sea of Japan Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (96 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (108 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (94 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (102 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (48 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (118 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (153 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (48 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (133 kB)this document opens in a new window
South China Sea Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (95 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (109 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (94 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (97 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (49 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (117 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (145 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (48 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (121 kB)this document opens in a new window
Southern Ocean Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (94 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (107 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (93 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (90 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (48 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (142 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (48 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (115 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (105 kB)this document opens in a new window
Yellow Sea Text (CSV) (22 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (95 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (112 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (19 kB)
pdf (94 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (110 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (45 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (118 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (162 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (48 kB)
NetCDF (34 kB)
pdf (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (149 kB)this document opens in a new window