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The Center for Satellite Applications and Research (STAR) is the science arm of the NOAA Satellite and Information Service (NESDIS), which acquires and manages the nation's operational Earth-observing satellites. STAR's mission is to accelerate the transfer of satellite observations of land, atmosphere, ocean, and climate from scientific research and development into routine operations, enabling NOAA to offer state-of-the-art data, products, and services to decision-makers.

Bob Kuligowski and Ralph Ferraro of STAR Win NOAA Technology Transfer Award Caribbean Coral Reefs are predicted to largely disappear in the next 20 years. National Ice Center Director Pablo Clemente-Colón Featured in a Recent Piece in SciJinks False color imagery using VIIRS bands I-1, -2, and -3 (right) from June 30 Five STAR Scientists Contributed to the BAMS State of the Client in 2013 Supplement STAR Mike Pavolonis was a featured speaker at this year Mark Eakin was invited by the Journal Science to write a Perspectives piece on an important new paper on the potential of some coral species coral to adapt to warming ocean temperatures.

Ferraro & Kuligowski Win NOAA Technology Transfer Award

August 15, 2014 - Today NOAA Administrator Kathryn D. Sullivan announced 2014's Administrators and Technology Transfer Awards. Two STAR scientists were among those honored from NESDIS: Ralph Ferraro, Limin Zhao, Robert Kuligowski and Donna McNamara. The team was recognized for greatly increasing the usefulness of current NOAA polar satellite information for the TV broadcaster community. This award recognizes NOAA's scientific and technical employees for achievements that are developed further as commercial applications, or those that advance the transfer of NOAA science and technology to U.S. businesses, academia, and others.

Mark Eakin On Diane Rehm Show

August 11, 2014 - CoralReefWatch's Mark Eakin appeared on August 5's Diane Rehm show as part of a panel of commentators discussing a new report from over 90 expert authors organized by the Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network on the status and deterioration of Caribbean coral reefs. According to "Status and Trends of Caribbean Coral Reefs: 1970-2012", most Caribbean coral reefs are likely to disappear in the next 20 years, primarily due to loss of grazers like parrotfish in the region, as well as pollution and bleaching from ocean warming. Read more.

STAR's Pablo Clemente-Colón Featured in SciJinks

July 22, 2014 - SciJinks, a joint NASA / NOAA educational site for middle-school-aged children, recently featured the work of STAR's Dr. Pablo Clemente-Colón, chief scientist of the National Ice Center. The piece describes the work of the Ice Center and the role of satellite data to enable tracking, description, and analysis of ice and snow cover on land and sea. Read more.

JPSS Team Imagery Shows Extraordinary Views of June Floods in Paraguay

July 18, 2014 - From Mid-June of 2014, floods caused by torrential rains have forced the evacuation of 200,000 people living near the Paraguay and Parana rivers. As many as 160,000 people have been affected in Paraguay alone. The VIIRS instrument on S-NPP has been used to capture the extent of the flooding. Read more.

Five STAR Scientists Contributed to the BAMS 2013 State of the Climate report

July 18, 2014 - In 2013, the vast majority of worldwide climate indicators continued to reflect trends of a warmer planet, according to the measurements assessed in the State of the Climate in 2013 report, released online today by the American Meteorological Society. Five STAR scientists contributed to this vast annual effort to analyze and characterize our evolving understanding of the state of the Earth's climate. STAR congratulates Andy Heidinger, John Knaff, Jeff Key, Eric Leuliette, and Thomas M. Smith for their efforts. See NOAA's news story or download the entire document.

STAR's Wei Shi, Menghua Wang and Wei Guo Featured on JGR-Oceans Cover with Aral Sea Study

June 2014 - The Aral Sea was a lake lying between Kazakhstan and Uzbekistan in the south. Formerly one of the four largest lakes in the world, the Aral Sea has been steadily shrinking since the 1960s, after the rivers that fed it were diverted by Soviet irrigation projects. By 2007, it had declined to 10% of its original size. In this study, 33 years of satellite observations from Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) and 21 years of satellite altimetry sea level data from TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason-1, and Jason-2 are used to quantify the long-term hydrological changes in the Aral Sea. Read the study.

Mike Pavolonis Featured Speaker at 2014 NOAA Science Days

June 23, 2014 - On Capitol Hill last Monday, STAR's Mike Pavolonis lead off the NOAA presenters with his talk: "How Weather Satellites are Mitigating Aviation-related Volcanic Hazards". Recent volcanic eruptions and the subsequent disruption of global air traffic have garnered considerable public attention. Innovative methods of detecting volcanic ash from space have been developed by NOAA, and new satellite products are now used in the U.S., Australia, and elsewhere. The annual Washington event features key NOAA research efforts organized around this year's theme: "Research to Reduce Disasters and Enhance Resilience".

Mark Eakin of Coral Reef Watch Contributes Science Perspective on Possible Coral Adaptation to Warming Oceans

June 11, 2014 - In the May 23 issue of the journal Science, Mark Eakin of STAR's Coral Reef Watch was invited to contribute a Perspectives article explaining the significance of a new study by Stephen R. Palumbi, "Mechanisms of reef coral resistance to future climate change". The Palumbi study is important because it demonstrates that corals have a mechanism that may allow them to genetically adapt to warmer temperatures much faster than previously known. Read more.

CREST Success Story: Dr. Nathan Hosannah

August 6, 2014 - Recent CREST researcher Nathan Hosannah has just been awarded a prestigious 2-year National Science Foundation Post-Doctoral Research Fellowship. Nathan has been performing regional atmospheric climate research in urban regions for over 5 years during his work at CREST, and is currently a postdoctoral researcher at the University of Puerto Rico at Mayagüez. He has presented his work on the effects of data assimilation of particle size distributions on precipitation forecasting at national and international conferences under the sponsorships of EPP NOAA-ISET and NOAA-CREST Centers since the summer of 2008. Read more.

NOAA / CREST Summer Program
Cultivates Young Scientists

LaGuardia Community College student Keisha Baxter with Zahidur Rahman, her faculty mentor and mathematics professor at the college.

June 24, 2014 - Keisha Baxter, a civil engineering student at LaGuardia Community College is one of 10 CUNY undergraduate — and the only woman — selected to participate in a NSF program focused on remote sensing. The NSF Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) in Satellite and Ground- Based Remote Sensing Project at NOAA-CREST is designed for minority students majoring in STEM programs. Students in the program learn all aspects of remote sensing, including sensor development, satellite remote sensing, ground-based field measurements, data processing and analysis, modeling and forecasting. On a broader scale, the goal of the program is to encourage students to consider STEM careers. Read more.

STAR Releases
2013-2018 Strategic Plan

image: STAR Strategic Plan 2013-2018

May 16, 2014 - STAR is happy to announce the release of a nearly final draft of the STAR Strategic Plan for 2013 - 2018. We expect to incorporate any comments in the next few weeks and release a final version in June 2014. Download the STAR Strategic Plan today, (PDF, 3.17 MB).

Latest STAR Publications

Updated: Mon, 18 Aug 2014

Optical Passive Sensor Calibration for Satellite Remote Sensing and the Legacy of NOAA and NIST Cooperation
Datla R, Weinreb M, Rice J, Johnson BC, Shirley E and Cao C
Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology 119:235-255.
DOI: 10.6028/jres.119.008
Jun 24 2014
Trends in U.S. Total Cloud Cover from a Homogeneity-Adjusted Dataset
Free M and Sun B
Journal of Climate 27(13):4959-4969.
DOI: 10.1175/jcli-d-13-00722.1
Jul 1 2014
Application of spatially gridded temperature and land cover data sets for urban heat island analysis
Gallo K and Xian G
Urban Climate 8(0):1-10.
DOI: 10.1016/j.uclim.2014.04.005
June 2014
Suomi NPP VIIRS Imagery evaluation
Hillger D, Seaman C, Liang C, Miller S, Lindsey D and Kopp T
Journal of Geophysical Research-Atmospheres 119(11):6440-6455.
DOI: 10.1002/2013jd021170
Jun 16 2014
An exploratory investigation of an adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) for estimating hydrometeors from TRMM/TMI in synergy with TRMM/PR
Islam T, Srivastava PK, Rico-Ramirez MA, Dai Q, Han D and Gupta M
Atmospheric Research 145:57-68.
DOI: 10.1016/j.atmosres.2014.03.019
Aug-Sep 2014
The contribution of Saharan dust in PM10 concentration levels in Anatolian Peninsula of Turkey
Kabatas B, Unal A, Pierce RB, Kindap T and Pozzoli L
Science of the Total Environment 488:415-423.
DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2013.12.045
Aug 1 2014
Evaluation of a revised IASI channel selection for cloudy retrievals with a focus on the Mediterranean basin
Martinet P, Lavanant L, Fourrié N, Rabier F and Gambacorta A
Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society 140(682):1563-1577.
DOI: 10.1002/qj.2239
July 2014

View all of STAR's latest research articles.


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