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SMCD shieldFuzhong Weng

Satellite Meteorology and Climatology Division

Satellite Calibration & Data Assimilation Branch
Branch Chief

Publications and Research Identifiers

To view Dr. Weng's complete list of publications, visit the research identifier accounts listed below:


Fuzhong Weng photoFuzhong Weng is a physical scientist at NOAA / NESDIS and is the chief of the Satellite Calibration & Data Assimilation Branch (previously the Sensor Physics Branch) of STAR. Dr. Weng has been the deputy director for the Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation from 2002-2004 and is a member of the NPOESS Microwave Operational Algorithm Team (MOAT). In 1985, Fuzhong Weng received his M.S. degree in radar meteorology from Nanjing Institute of Meteorology. He then worked as an instructor, teaching undergraduates about radar meteorology for two years. In order to enhance his background in atmospheric sciences, Fuzhong came to the United States in 1987 to pursue advanced studies at the Department of Atmospheric Science, Colorado State University (CSU) and received his Ph.D. degree in 1992. Since then, he has been working for NOAA / NESDIS, initially as a contractor, then as a visiting scientist and then a government employee.

Dr. Weng is a leading expert in developing various NOAA operational satellite microwave products and algorithms such as the Special Sensor Microwave Imager (SSM/I) and the Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit (AMSU) cloud and precipitation algorithms, land surface temperature and emissivity algorithms. These products are increasingly being utilized by the international communities to validate the numerical weather prediction model outputs and provide real-time monitoring of various severe weather events.

Dr. Weng has contributed extraordinarily to the advances in satellite data assimilation. He developed a comprehensive technique for simulating microwave land, snow and sea ice emissivity. These emissivity models have significantly improved uses of satellite sounding data in models and have impacted the high latitude weather forecasts.

Dr. Weng is developing innovative techniques to advance uses of satellite measurements under cloudy and precipitating areas in models. As a doctoral advisor at the University of Maryland, he has supervised students on using satellite microwave measurements from NOAA operational satellites in mesoscale models. He developed a new initialization for hurricane simulation models, using satellite-derived profiles of temperature and water vapor. His method yields balanced fields of atmospheric mass and motion. The technique can now replace the bogus method in hurricane forecast models.

Dr. Weng is the first winner of the 2000 NOAA David Johnson Award for his outstanding contributions to satellite microwave remote sensing fields and the utilization of satellite data in models. He also received the 2002 SPIE Scientific Achievement Award for Excellence in Developing Operational Satellite Microwave Products and Algorithms. Dr. Weng is the winner of the 2004 NOAA Bronze medal award for developing high quality satellite microwave products to improve weather and climate prediction. He has published nearly 30 papers in international journals. In 2005, Dr. Weng received a Gold Medal (the highest award from Department of Commerce) for developing techniques to assimilate advanced satellite observations into models that significantly improve weather forecasting.


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