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About the Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation (JCSDA)

Background

image of satellite over the earthBy the close of the 20th century satellite scientists and program managers were not satisfied with the long time -- typically two years -- that elapsed between the launch of any new satellite and the use of data provided by its sensors for operational numerical weather prediction. Given the cost of these systems and their finite lifetimes -- typically five years -- it was realized that reducing the time from launch to operational use to one year represented a 33% improvement in productivity, and eliminated a costly missed opportunity for scientists and the public alike. Therefore, in 2001, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) formed the JCSDA to address this problem.

schematic drawing: role of data assimilationBenefits of JCSDA

Effective environmental prediction requires several elements. One of these is accurate, well-distributed observations of the Earth's environment, for which satellite sensors are the largest source. Numerical models that embody the physical and chemical laws governing the behavior of the Earth's land surface, oceans, and atmosphere are another element, as are powerful computing systems to run these models rapidly to provide timely forecasts.

The science of data assimilation is the mortar that binds these elements into successful prediction systems for weather, oceans, climatology, and ecosystems. The Joint Center for Satellite Data Assimilation (JCSDA) is dedicated to developing and improving the ability to exploit satellite data more effectively in the United States. The JCSDA is a distributed collaborative effort that allows the work required to use the billions of satellite observations available daily to be shared several operational agencies in the United States.

This activity is best accomplished with a coordinated multi-agency basis as the common development work necessary to assimilate these many thousands of millions of satellite observations each day would otherwise be duplicated across the agencies.

Highlights of JCSDA Achievements

Since its inception the JCSDA has made several significant strides in pursuit of its mission. The JCSDA has:

  • Developed and distributed a Community Radiative Transfer Model (CRTM) to enable partners and collaborators to effectively test and commence the assimilation of various satellite data
  • Established a common assimilation infrastructure at NOAA and NASA
  • Provided access for all partners to computational facilities
  • Demonstrated the positive impact on weather forecasts of data from advanced operational and research instruments
  • Developed a microwave emissivity model for snow and ice that enables assimilation of 300% more atmospheric sounding data in polar regions
  • Transitioned advanced satellite data into operations (e.g., QuikSCAT winds, MODIS winds, Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) data.)
  • Prepared to assimilate GPS data from COSMIC
Modified August 4, 2011 2:08 PM
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