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Laboratory for Satellite Altimetry / Sea Level Rise

Regional sea level time series

The following tables provide estimates of sea level rise based on measurements from satellite radar altimeters. Plots and time series are available for TOPEX/Poseidon (T/P), Jason-1, Jason-2, and Jason-3, which have monitored the same ground track since 1992, and for most of the altimeters that have operated since 1991, including T/P, Jason-1, Jason-2, Jason-3, ERS-2, GFO, and Envisat.

Only altimetry measurements between 66°S and 66°N have been processed. An inverted barometer has been applied to the time series. The estimates of sea level rise do not include glacial isostatic adjustment effects on the geoid, which are modeled to be +0.2 to +0.5 mm/year when globally averaged. The plots have been smoothed with a 4-month boxcar filter.

`Map of ocean basins.
Regional sea level time series data and plots
RegionTOPEX and Jason-1,-2,-3Multiple altimeters
Seasonal signals retainedSeasonal signals removedSeasonal signals retainedSeasonal signals removed
Pacific Ocean Text (CSV) (32 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
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Text (CSV) (32 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
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Text (CSV) (32 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
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Text (CSV) (32 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
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North Pacific Ocean Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
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png (126 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (32 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
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Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
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png (162 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (32 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
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png (113 kB)this document opens in a new window
Tropics Text (CSV) (32 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
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png (92 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (32 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
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png (87 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (32 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
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png (105 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (32 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
pdf (205 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (96 kB)this document opens in a new window
Niño 3.4 Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
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png (107 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (182 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (99 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
pdf (205 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (128 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
pdf (205 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (117 kB)this document opens in a new window
Atlantic Ocean Text (CSV) (32 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (182 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (108 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (32 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (182 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (93 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (32 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
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png (131 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (32 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
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png (109 kB)this document opens in a new window
North Atlantic Ocean Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (183 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (130 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (32 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (182 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (96 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
pdf (207 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (159 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (32 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
pdf (205 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (113 kB)this document opens in a new window
Indian Ocean Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (182 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (105 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (182 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (97 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
pdf (206 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (126 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
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png (115 kB)this document opens in a new window
Adriatic Sea Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (183 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (120 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (182 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (108 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
pdf (206 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (155 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
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png (135 kB)this document opens in a new window
Andaman Sea Text (CSV) (34 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (184 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (115 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (184 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (105 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (34 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
pdf (208 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (141 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
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png (130 kB)this document opens in a new window
Arabian Sea Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
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png (121 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
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png (103 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
pdf (207 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (158 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
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png (125 kB)this document opens in a new window
Baltic Sea Text (CSV) (34 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
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png (114 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (34 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
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png (111 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (34 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
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png (146 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (34 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
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png (139 kB)this document opens in a new window
Bay of Bengal Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (183 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (107 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (182 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (101 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
pdf (206 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (129 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
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png (123 kB)this document opens in a new window
Bering Sea Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (182 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (115 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (182 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (104 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
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png (140 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
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png (123 kB)this document opens in a new window
Caribbean Sea Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (183 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (122 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (182 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (102 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
pdf (206 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (147 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
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png (122 kB)this document opens in a new window
Gulf of Mexico Text (CSV) (34 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
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png (121 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
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png (105 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (34 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
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png (157 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
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png (126 kB)this document opens in a new window
Indonesian Text (CSV) (34 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (185 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (115 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (34 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
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png (102 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (34 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
pdf (207 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (146 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (34 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
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png (119 kB)this document opens in a new window
North Sea Text (CSV) (34 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
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png (120 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (34 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
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png (110 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (34 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
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png (150 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (34 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
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png (138 kB)this document opens in a new window
Mediterranean Sea Text (CSV) (34 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (184 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (125 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (182 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (113 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (34 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
pdf (207 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (162 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
pdf (205 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (139 kB)this document opens in a new window
Persian Gulf Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (183 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (115 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (184 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (107 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
pdf (207 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (146 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
pdf (207 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (133 kB)this document opens in a new window
Sea of Okhotsk Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (182 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (182 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (110 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
pdf (206 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (146 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
pdf (205 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (133 kB)this document opens in a new window
Sea of Japan Text (CSV) (34 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (184 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (123 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (183 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (113 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (34 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
pdf (207 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (160 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
pdf (206 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (136 kB)this document opens in a new window
South China Sea Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (184 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (119 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (182 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (103 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
pdf (207 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (151 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
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png (121 kB)this document opens in a new window
Southern Ocean Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (183 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (118 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (32 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (181 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (89 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
pdf (206 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (146 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (32 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
pdf (205 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (99 kB)this document opens in a new window
Yellow Sea Text (CSV) (34 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (184 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (127 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (25 kB)
pdf (182 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (118 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (34 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
pdf (208 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (167 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (33 kB)
NetCDF (40 kB)
pdf (206 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (138 kB)this document opens in a new window