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GOES(Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites) Sea Surface Temperature Products

NOAA's National Environmental Satellite, Data and Information Service (NESDIS) has generated Sea Surface Temperature (SST) products from Geostationary (GOES) East (E) and West(W) satellite imagers on an operational basis since December of 2000. Since that time, a process of continual development has produced steady improvements in product accuracy. Recent year's improvements extended the capability to permit generation of operational SST retrievals from the Janpanese Multi-function Transport Satellite (MTSAT-1R) and the European Meteosat Second Generation (MSG) satellite, thereby extending spatial coverage. The four geostationary satellites (longitudes 75oW, 135oW, 140oE, and 0o, respectively) provide high temporal SST retrievals for most of the tropics and mid-latitudes, with the exception of the region between ~60oE and ~80oE. Due to ongoing development, the quality of these retrievals now approches that of SST products from the polar orbiting Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR). The NOAA operational Geo-SST (GOES, MTSAT, MSG) products provide hourly, 3-hourly and 24 hour regional merged SST composites at 0.05o, Level 2 preprocessed product at every half hour for each hemisphere for GOES, every hour for MTSAT and every 15 minutes for MSG. The satellite-buoy matchup files for each satellite are also generated. These products provide to the user community a reliable source of SST observations, with improved accuracy in important oceanographic, meterological and climatic regions.