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C. Mark Eakin

Satellite Oceanography & Climatology Division

Marine Ecosystems & Climate Branch

Publications and Research Identifiers

To view Dr. Eakin's complete list of publications, visit the research identifier accounts listed below:


C. Mark Eakin photoA coral reef specialist, with a Ph.D. in Biological Oceanography from the University of Miami, Dr. Eakin is Coordinator of NOAA's Coral Reef Watch program, an effort focused on the monitoring of coral reef ecosystems through satellite, in situ, and paleoenvironmental observations. In particular, Coral Reef Watch is a part of the NESDIS Center for Satellite Applications and Research and uses NOAA satellite data to monitor environmental conditions that lead to coral bleaching. NOAA's Coral Reef Watch provides the only source of satellite-based monitoring, alerts, and warnings of upcoming coral mass bleaching events.

Dr. Eakin has worked for NOAA since 1991. From 2000-2005, Dr. Eakin directed NOAA Paleoclimatology (part of NOAA's National Climatic Data Center), and was Director of the World Data Center for Paleoclimatology in Boulder, CO. Prior to that, he was a program manager for the NOAA Office of Global Programs in Silver Spring, MD, funding and coordinating research to improve our understanding of climate variability in the past, how to predict it in the future and the influence of climate variability and change on the marine environment.

Dr. Eakin has published on various topics in coral reef ecology, especially the impact of climate change and other disturbance on coral reefs. This includes El Niño impacts on eastern Pacific coral reefs in coral reef ecology and carbonate budgets, thermal stress and coral bleaching, ocean acidification, oil spills, coral paleoclimatology, and the behavior of marine organisms. He formerly co-chaired the US Coral Reef Task Force's Climate Change Working Group and helped develop the International and U.S. Coral Reef Initiatives and the Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network (GCRMN). He has testified before the US Congress on the impacts of climate change on coral reefs, was a contributing author on the 2014 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Assessment Report, and a Chief Scientific Advisor for the 2017 Sundance-winning film Chasing Coral.

Research Interests

  • Developing and improving coral environmental monitoring from satellites
  • Long-term Impacts of El Niño and Climate Variability on Eastern Pacific Coral Reefs Influence of Increasing Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide on Coral Reef Ecosystems: The Eastern Pacific as an Analog for Future Carbonate Concentration
  • Development of blended ocean temperatures and a "Living" Drought Index for North America Using Paleoclimatic and Instrumental Records
  • Application of Paleoclimatic Data as Retrospective Monitoring of Coral Reefs: A Component of NOAA's Coral Reef Watch


  • Since 2005: Oceanographer, and Coordinator of NOAA Coral Reef Watch, NESDIS Center for Satellite Applications and Research
  • 2000-2005: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, NOAA Paleoclimatology at National Geophysical/Climatic Data Centers, Director of World Data Center for Paleoclimatology
  • 1998-2000: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Office of Global Programs. Program Manager, Climate Dynamics and Experimental Prediction Program
  • 1991-1998: NOAA, Office of Global Programs, Project Officer, Marine Ecosystem Response and Paleoclimatology Programs
  • 1995-2000: University of Maryland, Graduate Faculty


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