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SMC shieldAppendix I: Technology Trends and Drivers:
Characteristics of Future Advanced Satellite Instruments

Instrument Payloads for the Initial Joint Polar System

Instrument
on Metop-1,2,3
Instrument
on NOAA-N,N'
Full Name Primary Function
AVHRR/3* AVHRR/3 Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer Global imagery of clouds, the ocean and land surface
HIRS/4  HIRS/3  High Resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder  Temperature and humidity of the global atmosphere in cloud-free conditions
AMSU-A* AMSU-A Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit-A Temperature of the global atmosphere in all weather conditions
MHS MHS Microwave Humidity Sounder Humidity of the global atmosphere
IASI   Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer Enhanced atmospheric soundings
GRAS   Global Navigation Satellite System Receiver for Atmospheric Sounding Temperature of the upper troposphere and in the stratosphere with high vertical resolution
ASCAT   Advanced Scatterometer Near-surface wind speeds over the global oceans
  SBUV Solar Backscattered Ultraviolet ozone probe Total atmospheric ozone
GOME-2*   Global Ozone Experiment-2 Monitoring Profiles of ozone and other atmospheric constituents

NPP and NPOESS

Instrument Satellite Launch Primary Function
VIIRS  NPP 2006 Visible and infrared radiometric imager for: clouds, Earth radiation budget, land/water and sea surface temperature, ocean color, and low light imagery
CrIS NPP 2006 Hyperspectral infrared sounder for temperature, humidity, greenhouse gases
OMPS NPP 2006 UV and visible measurements for atmospheric ozone mapping and profiling
VIIRS NPOESS 2009 Visible and infrared radiometric imager for: clouds, Earth radiation budget, land/water and sea surface temperature, ocean color, and low light imagery
CMIS NPOESS 2009 Microwave imagery and soundings for temperature, humidity, ocean surface winds, precipitation, cloud properties, soil moisture, snow and ice cover, SST
CrIS NPOESS 2009 Hyperspectral infrared sounder for temperature, humidity, greenhouse gases
OMPS NPOESS 2009 UV and visible measurements for atmospheric ozone mapping and profiling
SESS NPOESS 2009 Observations of neutral and charged particles, electron and magnetic fields, and optical signatures of aurora.
APS NPOESS 2009 Aerosol and cloud parameters using multispectral photopolarimetry
ATMS NPOESS 2009 Microwave soundings of temperature and moisture
ERBS NPOESS 2009 Earth Radiation Budget
RADAR Altimeter NPOESS 2009 Sea level height
TSIS NPOESS 2009 Total solar irradiance monitor and 0.2- 2 micron solar spectral irradiance

Research Satellites

Instrument Satellite Launch Primary Function
POLDER Parasol 2005 Observations of directionality and polarization of reflected sunlight for radiative and microphysical properties of clouds and aerosols
CPR CloudSat 2005 Radar observations of vertical profiles of cloud liquid water and ice water contents and related cloud physical and radiative properties
CALIOP CALIPSO 2005 Lidar observations of aerosols and thin cloud profiles
GPS/OS COSMIC 2006 Radio occultation soundings of temperature and humidity
MIRAS SMOS 2007 Long wavelength microwave observations of soil moisture and ocean salinity
Doppler lidar ADM 2009 Lidar observations of winds
GMI, DPR GPM 2010 Passive microwave and radar observations of precipitation
GIFTS EO-3/IGL TBD Hyperspectral, high spatial resolution temperature, water vapor, and wind soundings


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