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Laboratory for Satellite Altimetry / Sea Level Rise

The following tables provide estimates of sea level rise based on measurements from satellite radar altimeters. Plots and time series are available for TOPEX/Poseidon (T/P), Jason-1, and Jason-2, which have monitored the same ground track since 1992, and for most of the altimeters that have operated since 1991, including T/P, Jason-1, Jason-2, ERS-2, GFO, and Envisat.

Only altimetry measurements between 66°S and 66°N have been processed. An inverted barometer has been applied to the time series. The estimates of sea level rise do not include glacial isostatic adjustment effects on the geoid, which are modeled to be +0.2 to +0.5 mm/year when globally averaged.

Global sea level time series

Global mean sea level from TOPEX/Poseidon, Jason-1, and Jason-2

Plot of sea level rise measured by altimetry.


Regional sea level time series data and plots
RegionTOPEX, Jason-1, and Jason-2Multiple altimeters
Seasonal signals retainedSeasonal signals removedSeasonal signals retainedSeasonal signals removed
global mean sea level Text (CSV) (26 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (175 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (97 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (26 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (175 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (85 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (52 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (200 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (52 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (199 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (97 kB)this document opens in a new window

Regional sea level time series

`Map of ocean basins.
Regional sea level time series data and plots
RegionTOPEX, Jason-1, and Jason-2Multiple altimeters
Seasonal signals retainedSeasonal signals removedSeasonal signals retainedSeasonal signals removed
Pacific Ocean Text (CSV) (26 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (175 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (96 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (26 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (175 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (92 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (52 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (199 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (118 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (52 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (199 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (109 kB)this document opens in a new window
North Pacific Ocean Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (177 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (176 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (98 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (54 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (201 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (157 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (53 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (199 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (116 kB)this document opens in a new window
Tropics Text (CSV) (26 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (175 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (94 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (26 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (175 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (87 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (52 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (199 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (110 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (52 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (199 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (99 kB)this document opens in a new window
Niño 3.4 Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (176 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (101 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (176 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (94 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (53 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (200 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (126 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (53 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (199 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (115 kB)this document opens in a new window
Atlantic Ocean Text (CSV) (26 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (176 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (104 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (26 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (175 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (95 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (52 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (200 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (128 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (52 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (200 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (114 kB)this document opens in a new window
North Atlantic Ocean Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (177 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (119 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (176 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (96 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (54 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (201 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (157 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (53 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (199 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (115 kB)this document opens in a new window
Indian Ocean Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (176 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (104 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (176 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (97 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (53 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (200 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (129 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (53 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (200 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (119 kB)this document opens in a new window
Adriatic Sea Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (177 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (109 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (177 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (105 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (53 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (201 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (147 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (53 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (200 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (133 kB)this document opens in a new window
Andaman Sea Text (CSV) (25 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (179 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (106 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (178 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (99 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (49 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (202 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (139 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (52 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (201 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (124 kB)this document opens in a new window
Arabian Sea Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (177 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (114 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (177 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (100 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (54 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (201 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (153 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (54 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (201 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (125 kB)this document opens in a new window
Baltic Sea Text (CSV) (22 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (181 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (105 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (23 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (181 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (103 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (42 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (204 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (141 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (44 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (203 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (137 kB)this document opens in a new window
Bay of Bengal Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (177 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (103 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (177 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (100 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (53 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (201 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (132 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (53 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (200 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (128 kB)this document opens in a new window
Bering Sea Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (177 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (107 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (177 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (98 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (54 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (200 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (137 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (54 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (200 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (120 kB)this document opens in a new window
Caribbean Sea Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (177 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (115 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (176 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (98 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (54 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (201 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (148 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (53 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (200 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (122 kB)this document opens in a new window
Gulf of Mexico Text (CSV) (28 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (178 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (110 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (177 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (100 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (54 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (202 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (151 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (54 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (200 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (123 kB)this document opens in a new window
Indonesian Text (CSV) (26 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (178 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (106 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (177 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (97 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (52 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (202 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (142 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (53 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (201 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (117 kB)this document opens in a new window
North Sea Text (CSV) (26 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (178 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (110 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (26 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (177 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (103 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (51 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (201 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (148 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (52 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (200 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (133 kB)this document opens in a new window
Mediterranean Sea Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (178 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (114 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (176 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (107 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (52 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (201 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (158 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (54 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (200 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (133 kB)this document opens in a new window
Persian Gulf Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (21 kB)
pdf (178 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (112 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (21 kB)
pdf (177 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (113 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (52 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (201 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (152 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (53 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (201 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (152 kB)this document opens in a new window
Sea of Okhotsk Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (177 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (105 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (176 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (103 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (54 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (200 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (138 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (54 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (200 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (133 kB)this document opens in a new window
Sea of Japan Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (178 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (114 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (177 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (102 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (53 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (202 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (157 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (53 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (200 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (130 kB)this document opens in a new window
South China Sea Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (178 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (114 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (177 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (100 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (54 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (201 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (150 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (53 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (200 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (124 kB)this document opens in a new window
Southern Ocean Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (176 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (113 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (175 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (90 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (53 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (200 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (141 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (53 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (199 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (103 kB)this document opens in a new window
Yellow Sea Text (CSV) (26 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (178 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (120 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (27 kB)
NetCDF (22 kB)
pdf (177 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (110 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (51 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (202 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (162 kB)this document opens in a new window
Text (CSV) (54 kB)
NetCDF (37 kB)
pdf (200 kB)this document opens in a new window
png (141 kB)this document opens in a new window