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16 Oct 2021 - 05:05 EDT
16 Oct 2021 - 09:05 UTC

Post-tropical Cyclone Pamela at 27.5°N - 101.5°W

Mexico

« Active Storms »

10 Oct 2021 - 14 Oct 2021


NHC Storm Description:

PTC Pamela - The NHC has issued its final advisory on this system. Relevant sectors and Mesoscale views are shown here for 7 days beyond the final NHC advisory for reference.


14 Oct 2021 - 3:00 UTC ...PAMELA DISSIPATES OVER NORTHEASTERN MEXICO... ...HEAVY RAINFALL FROM THE REMNANTS OF PAMELA SPREADING OVER TEXAS AND OKLAHOMA... As of 10:00 PM CDT Wed Oct 13 the center of Pamela was located near 27.5, -101.5 with movement NE at 26 mph. The minimum central pressure was 1004 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 30 mph.

13 Oct 2021 - 21:00 UTC ...PAMELA NOW A TROPICAL DEPRESSION OVER WEST-CENTRAL MEXICO... ...REMNANTS EXPECTED TO CONTRIBUTE TO HEAVY RAINFALL OVER TEXAS AND OKLAHOMA... As of 4:00 PM CDT Wed Oct 13 the center of Pamela was located near 26.0, -103.7 with movement NE at 28 mph. The minimum central pressure was 1003 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 35 mph.

13 Oct 2021 - 18:00 UTC ...TROPICAL STORM PAMELA MOVING WELL INLAND OVER WEST-CENTRAL MEXICO WITH HEAVY RAINFALL STILL OCCURING... As of 12:00 PM MDT Wed Oct 13 the center of Pamela was located near 25.1, -104.8 with movement NE at 25 mph. The minimum central pressure was 999 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 45 mph.

13 Oct 2021 - 15:00 UTC ...TROPICAL STORM PAMELA MOVING INLAND OVER WEST-CENTRAL MEXICO BRINGING STRONG GUSTY WINDS AND HEAVY RAINS... As of 9:00 AM MDT Wed Oct 13 the center of Pamela was located near 24.4, -106.0 with movement NE at 23 mph. The minimum central pressure was 992 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 65 mph.

13 Oct 2021 - 12:00 UTC ...PAMELA MAKING LANDFALL ALONG THE WEST MEXICAN COAST... ...LIFE-THREATENING STORM SURGE AND FLASH FLOODING EXPECTED WITHIN WARNING AREA THIS MORNING... As of 6:00 AM MDT Wed Oct 13 the center of Pamela was located near 23.7, -106.8 with movement NE at 14 mph. The minimum central pressure was 987 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 75 mph.

13 Oct 2021 - 9:00 UTC ...PAMELA REGAINS HURRICANE STRENGTH WHILE ITS CENTER NEARS THE COAST... As of 3:00 AM MDT Wed Oct 13 the center of Pamela was located near 22.8, -107.6 with movement NE at 14 mph. The minimum central pressure was 987 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 75 mph.

13 Oct 2021 - 6:00 UTC ...PAMELA EXPECTED TO MAKE LANDFALL AS A HURRICANE IN WEST-CENTRAL MEXICO LATER THIS MORNING... As of 12:00 AM MDT Wed Oct 13 the center of Pamela was located near 22.2, -108.3 with movement NE at 12 mph. The minimum central pressure was 989 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 70 mph.

13 Oct 2021 - 3:00 UTC ...PAMELA FORECAST TO MAKE LANDFALL AS A HURRICANE IN SOUTHWESTERN MEXICO WEDNESDAY MORNING... As of 9:00 PM MDT Tue Oct 12 the center of Pamela was located near 21.9, -108.7 with movement NNE at 12 mph. The minimum central pressure was 989 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 70 mph.

13 Oct 2021 - 0:00 UTC ...OUTER RAINBANDS FROM PAMELA MOVING OVER ISLAS MARIAS... ...CONDITIONS EXPECTED TO DETERIORATE ALONG THE COAST OF MAINLAND MEXICO WITHIN THE WARNING AREA THIS EVENING... As of 6:00 PM MDT Tue Oct 12 the center of Pamela was located near 21.5, -108.9 with movement NNE at 9 mph. The minimum central pressure was 989 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 70 mph.

12 Oct 2021 - 21:00 UTC ...RECONNAISSANCE AIRCRAFT FINDS PAMELA HAS WEAKENED... ...RESTRENGTHENING EXPECTED WHILE CONDITIONS DETERIORATE ACROSS WEST-CENTRAL MEXICO TONIGHT... As of 3:00 PM MDT Tue Oct 12 the center of Pamela was located near 21.0, -109.3 with movement N at 9 mph. The minimum central pressure was 989 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 70 mph.

12 Oct 2021 - 18:00 UTC ...AIR FORCE RECONNAISSANCE AIRCRAFT INVESTIGATING PAMELA... ...CONDITIONS WILL DETERIORATE ACROSS WEST-CENTRAL MEXICO TONIGHT... As of 12:00 PM MDT Tue Oct 12 the center of Pamela was located near 20.5, -109.4 with movement N at 8 mph. The minimum central pressure was 991 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 80 mph.

12 Oct 2021 - 15:00 UTC ...PAMELA FORECAST TO BE NEAR MAJOR HURRICANE STRENGTH BEFORE LANDFALL... ...CONDITIONS WILL DETERIORATE ACROSS WEST-CENTRAL MEXICO TONIGHT... As of 9:00 AM MDT Tue Oct 12 the center of Pamela was located near 20.4, -108.9 with movement N at 13 mph. The minimum central pressure was 985 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 80 mph.

12 Oct 2021 - 12:00 UTC ...PAMELA STRENGTHENS A LITTLE MORE... ...CONDITIONS EXPECTED TO DETERIORATE ACROSS WEST-CENTRAL MEXICO TONIGHT... As of 6:00 AM MDT Tue Oct 12 the center of Pamela was located near 19.9, -109.0 with movement N at 13 mph. The minimum central pressure was 985 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 80 mph.

12 Oct 2021 - 9:00 UTC ...PAMELA BECOMES A HURRICANE... ...CONDITIONS EXPECTED TO DETERIORATE IN WEST-CENTRAL MEXICO TONIGHT... As of 3:00 AM MDT Tue Oct 12 the center of Pamela was located near 19.2, -108.9 with movement N at 12 mph. The minimum central pressure was 988 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 75 mph.

12 Oct 2021 - 6:00 UTC ...PAMELA FORECAST TO STRENGTHEN AS IT APPROACHES WEST-CENTRAL MEXICO... ...CONDITIONS EXPECTED TO DETERIORATE THERE TONIGHT... As of 12:00 AM MDT Tue Oct 12 the center of Pamela was located near 18.8, -108.9 with movement NNW at 8 mph. The minimum central pressure was 992 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 70 mph.

12 Oct 2021 - 3:00 UTC ...PAMELA FORECAST TO BECOME A HURRICANE OVERNIGHT OR TUESDAY MORNING... ...ADDITIONAL STRENGTHENING EXPECTED BEFORE PAMELA REACHES MAINLAND MEXICO ON WEDNESDAY... As of 9:00 PM MDT Mon Oct 11 the center of Pamela was located near 17.9, -108.9 with movement NNW at 8 mph. The minimum central pressure was 992 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 70 mph.

12 Oct 2021 - 0:00 UTC ...HURRICANE AND TROPICAL STORM WARNINGS ISSUED FOR PORTIONS OF SOUTHWESTERN MEXICO... As of 6:00 PM MDT Mon Oct 11 the center of Pamela was located near 17.7, -108.8 with movement NW at 7 mph. The minimum central pressure was 992 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 70 mph.

11 Oct 2021 - 21:00 UTC ...PAMELA HOLDING STEADY FOR NOW... ...STILL EXPECTED TO BECOME A HURRICANE TONIGHT AND A MAJOR HURRICANE ON TUESDAY... As of 3:00 PM MDT Mon Oct 11 the center of Pamela was located near 17.2, -108.5 with movement NW at 7 mph. The minimum central pressure was 992 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 70 mph.

11 Oct 2021 - 18:00 UTC ...PAMELA CONTINUES TO STRENGTHEN... ...EXPECTED TO BECOME A HURRICANE TONIGHT AND A MAJOR HURRICANE ON TUESDAY... As of 12:00 PM MDT Mon Oct 11 the center of Pamela was located near 16.8, -108.2 with movement NW at 6 mph. The minimum central pressure was 992 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 70 mph.

11 Oct 2021 - 15:00 UTC ...PAMELA RAPIDLY STRENGTHENING... ...HURRICANE AND TROPICAL STORM WATCHES ISSUED FOR PORTIONS OF SOUTHWESTERN MEXICO AND SOUTHERN BAJA CALIFORNIA SUR... As of 9:00 AM MDT Mon Oct 11 the center of Pamela was located near 16.8, -108.1 with movement NW at 8 mph. The minimum central pressure was 995 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 65 mph.

11 Oct 2021 - 9:00 UTC ...PAMELA FORECAST TO STRENGTHEN QUICKLY... ...HURRICANE WATCHES LIKELY TO BE ISSUED TODAY... As of 3:00 AM MDT Mon Oct 11 the center of Pamela was located near 16.2, -107.6 with movement WNW at 12 mph. The minimum central pressure was 1002 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 50 mph.

11 Oct 2021 - 3:00 UTC ...PAMELA STRENGTHENING... ...HURRICANE WATCHES COULD BE ISSUED TOMORROW... As of 9:00 PM MDT Sun Oct 10 the center of Pamela was located near 15.9, -106.8 with movement WNW at 12 mph. The minimum central pressure was 1002 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 50 mph.

10 Oct 2021 - 21:00 UTC ...DEPRESSION BECOMES TROPICAL STORM PAMELA... ...FORECAST TO IMPACT A PORTION OF THE MEXICO COAST BY MIDWEEK AS A HURRICANE... As of 4:00 PM CDT Sun Oct 10 the center of Pamela was located near 15.5, -105.9 with movement WNW at 15 mph. The minimum central pressure was 1005 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 45 mph.

10 Oct 2021 - 15:00 UTC ...DEPRESSION EXPECTED TO BECOME A TROPICAL STORM LATER TODAY... ...COULD IMPACT A PORTIONS OF THE MEXICAN COAST BY MIDWEEK AS A HURRICANE... As of 10:00 AM CDT Sun Oct 10 the center of Sixteen-E was located near 14.8, -104.7 with movement WNW at 18 mph. The minimum central pressure was 1006 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 35 mph.

10 Oct 2021 - 9:00 UTC ...NEW TROPICAL DEPRESSION FORMS IN THE EAST PACIFIC... ...STRENGTHENING FORECAST... As of 4:00 AM CDT Sun Oct 10 the center of Sixteen-E was located near 14.3, -102.9 with movement WNW at 16 mph. The minimum central pressure was 1006 mb with maximum sustained winds of about 35 mph.

GeoColor - True Color daytime, multispectral IR at night
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GeoColor is a multispectral product composed of True Color (using a simulated green component) during daytime, and an Infrared product that uses bands 7 and 13 at night. During the day, the imagery looks approximately as it would when viewed with human eyes from space. At night, the blue colors represent liquid water clouds such as fog and stratus, while gray to white indicate higher ice clouds, and the city lights come from a static database derived from the VIIRS Day Night Band.

GeoColor was developed at the Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere (CIRA) and the STAR Regional and Mesoscale Meteorology Branch (RAMMB). For a full description of the algorithm, please see this article.

Please credit CIRA/NOAA when using GeoColor imagery.

NOTE: Lighted areas shown in nighttime images are not real-time depictions of city lights. The layer is derived from a compilation of JPSS VIIRS Day Night Band images and is included for orientation purposes.

 • CIRA GeoColor Product Quick Guide

Mexico GeoColor animation
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GeoColor is a multispectral product composed of True Color (using a simulated green component) during daytime, and an Infrared product that uses bands 7 and 13 at night. During the day, the imagery looks approximately as it would when viewed with human eyes from space. At night, the blue colors represent liquid water clouds such as fog and stratus, while gray to white indicate higher ice clouds, and the city lights come from a static database derived from the VIIRS Day Night Band.

GeoColor was developed at the Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere (CIRA) and the STAR Regional and Mesoscale Meteorology Branch (RAMMB). For a full description of the algorithm, please see this article.

Please credit CIRA/NOAA when using GeoColor imagery.

NOTE: Lighted areas shown in nighttime images are not real-time depictions of city lights. The layer is derived from a compilation of JPSS VIIRS Day Night Band images and is included for orientation purposes.

 • CIRA GeoColor Product Quick Guide

Eastern East Pacific GeoColor animation
empty placeholder

GeoColor is a multispectral product composed of True Color (using a simulated green component) during daytime, and an Infrared product that uses bands 7 and 13 at night. During the day, the imagery looks approximately as it would when viewed with human eyes from space. At night, the blue colors represent liquid water clouds such as fog and stratus, while gray to white indicate higher ice clouds, and the city lights come from a static database derived from the VIIRS Day Night Band.

GeoColor was developed at the Cooperative Institute for Research in the Atmosphere (CIRA) and the STAR Regional and Mesoscale Meteorology Branch (RAMMB). For a full description of the algorithm, please see this article.

Please credit CIRA/NOAA when using GeoColor imagery.

NOTE: Lighted areas shown in nighttime images are not real-time depictions of city lights. The layer is derived from a compilation of JPSS VIIRS Day Night Band images and is included for orientation purposes.

 • CIRA GeoColor Product Quick Guide

GeoColor

True Color daytime, multispectral IR at night
14 Oct 2021 - 10:50 UTC

Last update > 1 hour

GLM FED

Lightning flash extent density over GeoColor
14 Oct 2021 - 10:56 UTC

Last update > 1 hour

Day Convection

RGB used to identify areas of rapid intensification
14 Oct 2021 - 10:50 UTC

Last update > 1 hour

Night Microphysics

RGB to distinguish clouds from fog
14 Oct 2021 - 10:50 UTC

Last update > 1 hour

Sandwich RGB

Blend combines IR band 13 with visual band 3
14 Oct 2021 - 10:50 UTC

Last update > 1 hour

Day Land Cloud

EUMETSAT Natural Color
14 Oct 2021 - 10:50 UTC

Last update > 1 hour

AirMass RGB

RGB based on data from IR & water vapor
14 Oct 2021 - 10:50 UTC

Last update > 1 hour


Band 1

0.47 µm
Blue - Visible
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Last update > 1 hour

Band 2

0.64 µm
Red - Visible
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Band 3

0.86 µm
Veggie - Near IR
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Band 4

1.37 µm
Cirrus - Near IR
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Band 5

1.6 µm
Snow/Ice - Near IR
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Band 6

2.2 µm
Cloud Particle - Near IR
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Band 7

3.9 µm
Shortwave Window - IR
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Last update > 1 hour

Band 8

6.2 µm
Upper-Level Water Vapor - IR
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Last update > 1 hour

Band 9

6.9 µm
Mid-Level Water Vapor - IR
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Last update > 1 hour

Band 10

7.3 µm
Lower-level Water Vapor - IR
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Last update > 1 hour

Band 11

8.4 µm
Cloud Top - IR
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Last update > 1 hour

Band 12

9.6 µm
Ozone - IR
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Band 13

10.3 µm
Clean Longwave Window - IR
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Last update > 1 hour

Band 14

11.2 µm
Longwave Window - IR
14 Oct 2021 - 10:50 UTC

Last update > 1 hour

Band 15

12.3 µm
Dirty Longwave Window - IR
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Last update > 1 hour

Band 16

13.3 µm
CO₂ Longwave - IR
14 Oct 2021 - 10:50 UTC

Last update > 1 hour